Choosing Garlic for Growing: How-To Guide

The smell of garlic in the garden

It’s hard to think there was a time when garlic wasn’t a staple in the kitchen.

Today there are more than 600 cultivated varieties of garlic worldwide.

All garlic belongs to the genus Allium and the species sativum.

Species are soft necks (softnecks var. sativum and hardneck var. ophioscorodon.

Garlic originated in Central Asia with cold winters and humid springs.

Today’s varieties still prefer these conditions and are preferred by northern growers.

Luckily, the fragile varieties can develop in hardiness and grow in warmer climates.

Crow garlic

Hardneck garlic gets its name from the stiff stem or neck of the garlic plant. Hardneck garlic tends to have fewer cloves than softneck varieties

with rather refining in size as the cloves revolve around the central stalk.

There are three varieties of crow garlic : Rocambole, Purple Stripe and Porcelain.

Rocambole: Rocambole is the most common type of kidney and the term’rocambole’ is sometimes used synonymously with bang.

Rocamboles have a slightly thinner parchment than successive varieties. Thin peeled bulbs do not last long, but they peel off easily. Rocombole garlic is the type you can see with its distinctive curling, a top-set type that gives it the nickname “snake” garlic.

This set of saws is called bulbils. Garlic can be propagated from bulbs, but you have to wait 2 years to develop the plant. The popular’Spanish Roja’ is rocambole.

Purple Striped Garlic: That’s the Purple Striped Garlic. All purple striped garlic varieties show some flaking, but that’s where the similarity ends.

Some are very mild and some are extremely irritating. It even matures over time. Two good varieties to try are’Starbright’, a kind of savory taste and’chess rust’.

Porcelain Garlic: Porcelain garlic, along with a few local cloves, makes plump bulbs. Porcelain is covered with a very thick outer shell, which is great for storage. ‘Georgian Crystal’ has a mild flavor, while’Romanian Red’ has a hot and long-lasting taste.

Softneck Garlic

As mentioned, slender garlic adapts well to warm climates. Softneck garlic travels and travels better than hardnecks, so what you’re likely to find in a grocery store is light garlic.

Facing an easy stroke two types of garlic are: Artichoke and Silvers Kindle

Artichoke: Artichoke garlic is the most commonly grown commercial garlic. It has 2 concentric rows of cloves and tends to be very difficult to peel.

But it is well produced and stored, and this is what you will probably buy in a grocery store. ‘Red Torch’ is a well-known artichoke variety.

Silverskins: Tinfoil has a silvery and white skin and consists of many small cloves. They also have a sturdy nice neck braided easily.

Silverskins’ flavor is generally stronger than Artichokes. Both’Nootka Rose’ and’Rose du var’ are full-bodied Silverskins.

Elephant garlic

The so-called’elephant garlic’ is gaining popularity in recent years. It’s called an elephant because of its relatively large size.

Very warm taste, it is great for those who eat a meal that is definitely not warm to the taste of garlic.

In fact, elephant garlic is not garlic , but it is a type of bulb that forms green onions.

What to plant

Garlic is one of the easiest plants to grow.

You plant individual cloves inside the bulb. Plant the largest cloves you have to get the largest bulbs.

Plant each clove of garlic 2-3 inches below the soil surface and about 6 inches apart.

Which end Up?

The usual novice dilemma is not knowing which end up to plant the garlic ,It’s a pointed one.

Your garlic will still grow, and you will plant the pointed side down. but it will curve around the bulb.


Planting time

Autumn is the time to plant garlic. It is between September and November depending on the gardening .

When the soil temperature drops to about 60 degrees (°F), garlic clove roots begin to germinate

This is especially important in northern climates where the land is frozen. If there is not enough time to grow good roots,

A 3-4 inch layer of mulch applied after the ground has frozen will also help prevent waving. Straw is the mulch of choice because it is inexpensive and easy to remove.

Growing conditions

Garlic will grow well given the following conditions:

  • Well-drained soil
  • Soil pH 6.0 ~ 7.0
  • Minimal weed competition
  • Many organic matter
  • 1 inch of water while the bulbs are forming-mid-May to July


Garlic is relatively pest-free if you use good seed cloves. However, this is popular with some rodents, especially gophers.


Do not take garlic out of the ground. You may have planted small cloves, but the bulbs have a strong root system and are several inches deep.

it’s ready to go when the lower leaves start to brown. The only sure way is to actually dig up a few bulbs and cut them in half. When the cloves fill the skin, it’s time.

If harvested too quick, poorly stored cloves will become smaller. If you leave the bulb for too long, the cloves can burst out of the skin, so that the disease does not develop.

If you are experimenting with varieties, artichokes mature first, then Rocamboles, purple stripes, porcelain, and finally Silverskins.



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