What is an aromatic and medicinal plant, short for PAM ?
They are early, annual, perennial or even perennial plants whose active substances have a direct effect on our body. Examples: parsley, coriander, thyme, verbena, chives, mint, chamomile, rosemary, etc.
Aromatic plants have an added agronomic value in the rotation of the inter cropping crops, taking advantage of the different capacities: repelling unwanted insects, attracting desired insects, suppressing the spread of pests and fungi and serving for the preparation of bio pesticide mixtures. They confer an ecological advantage.
How to grow PAM?
To get the most out of it, we advise you to grow it in a biological way. By nature, the active substances in MAPs give them natural protection against diseases and pests, an ecological advantage that allows us to invest in the AB mode and obtain clean and waste-free plant material. PAM are produced very well outdoors or in a semi-protected regime.
Aromatic plants are extremely beneficial in an organic garden. Grown without pesticides or chemical fertilizers, they attract many insects, bees, birds and butterflies, whose presence is very useful in the garden and vegetable garden, allowing high levels of polonization and production. The wide variety of PAM with different requirements for soil, water, pH, hours of sunshine, among other factors, allow for a wide variety of planting and cultivation solutions and the choice of each plant for its appropriate location.
How to plan an aromatic garden?
- To be successful we must inform ourselves well and choose the plants that we like and that we will use.
- Next, see our conditions and which crops are viable. Take into account the available space, water, sun exposure, soil or vase / planter.
Traditionally we have created an aromatic garden, with aligned geometric shapes, p. ex rectangular, square, round. Ideal for creating reliefs with stone walls and placing Mediterranean plants such as rosemary and lavender in drier areas. In the lower areas, place plants with higher water requirements, such as spears and mints from the riverside. Create vegetable walls with an agronomic and aesthetic function. Most MAPs are cultivated well in pots and planters, on balconies and terraces, horizontally and vertically. Excellent solutions are culinary plants grown inside and / or close to the place of consumption. PAMs also fit very well in the middle of the garden and extend crop rotation with all the agronomic benefits.
The secret of good biological regime management is permanent surveillance. We have to respect the spring, summer, autumn and winter seasons and get it right with our interventions.
Old mulching techniques, that is, using layers of organic matter to cover the soil, avoiding infestation and regulating the temperature of the soil / substrate, reducing transpiration. Thus, promoting an active microbial life helps the harmonious growth of MAPs to obtain high levels of active substances so desired for our benefit in health and well-being.
We can prepare the soil with an appropriate organic fertilization, using organic correctives / fertilizers or use substrates indicated in protected crops outside the soil in pots or flowerpots.